The Seljuk Empire launched the system of charitable foundations that serve people, animals, and the surroundings in Anatolia right after developing the first one particular in Erzurum in 1048 A.D. Since the Seljuk period, foundations, which have been proven with a feeling of cooperation and solidarity at their main, stood out as institutions that undertake essential services in the Islamic and Turkish environment and efficiently fulfilled several community responsibilities.
Foundations that also existed throughout the Ottoman Empire operated for centuries and lived their golden age in the Ottoman period of time. Despite the fact that they had been principally established to assistance the ill, the needy and orphans, some of them furnished incredible and exciting services as effectively.
In accordance to the endowment files in the archives of the Normal Directorate of Foundations, the Ottomans who donated their assets for community assistance did not neglect the brides, orphaned learners, associates of different religions, villagers, prisoners, captives, shopkeepers, students and students. Fascinating foundations founded by them, this kind of as the picnic basis, the back garden foundation for recreation, the horse foundation, the landscaping basis and the foundation that delivers cash for sneakers, have catered to folks, animals and character through history.
Foundations for diverse solutions
One of the foundations, which delivered solutions for the elimination of just about every challenge in modern society, was founded in 1781 in get to protect and search after the vineyards, gardens and animals of the villagers in Macedonia. The Mehmed Efendi Basis assigned a guard amongst the villages of Berine and Tersenek, allocating a every day wage to them in return for examining the animals, vineyards and gardens in the early morning and night.
In the deed of Valide Sultan Kethüdası Yusuf Ağa Foundation, it is prepared that the children from the madrassas in Üsküdar with a large number of learners must be taken to picnics in the summer time and served rice and zerde dessert, be presented with an allowance of 10 akçe (the main monetary unit of the Ottoman Empire), 15 kuruş (120 akçes equaled one kuruş) to the academics and 6 kuruş to their assistants.
The Mustafa Bin Mehmed Basis utilised to distribute ink to college students in the courtyard of Beyazid Mosque at the stop of the 1700s. On Thursdays, a particular person from the foundation was tasked with giving ink for the student’s dip pen, and in return, he was paid out 1 akçe.
In the endowment of a foundation that was founded in Istanbul in 1716 by Ismihan Sultan, the daughter of Sultan Murad III, it was said that 3,600 akçe would be spent every year to present grapes and watermelons to the learners and teachers keeping in the madrassa rooms, and 6,000 akçe would be invested for the singing of the Mevlit (mawlid), an epic poem created to commemorate Prophet Muhammad’s start in Mecca, alongside with cooking and distribution of aşure desserts, Noah’s pudding.
A different foundation that presented foodstuff to pupils was the Şerife Fatma Binti Mustafa Basis. Recognized in 1815, the foundation provided the pupils of the hadith university who recite the Quran from the starting to the close, also identified as “hatim,” in Laylat al-Raghaib, or the “Night of the Rewards,” marking the night time of the Prophet Muhammad’s conception, with casserole and an allowance of 3 kuruş.
Halva for prisoners, fruit for sick
The Niksarlı Hacı Mehmed Basis, which was set up in 1323 in Tokat, distributed halva dessert to prisoners in Laylat al-Raghaib and Mid-Shaban, or the “Evening of Forgiveness,” when the Quran was built offered to the Muslims in its entirety, each individual yr.
The basis that offered seasonal fruits to hospitalized patients was the Islam Feyzi Efendi Bin Hasan Foundation. In the constitution of the foundation, it was penned, “Seasonal fruits really should be procured on the 1st Friday night time of every thirty day period and distributed to psychiatric sufferers in the hospital all over Nakkaşpaşa.”
Foundations distributing coffee, aşure
Even though the Ashab-ı Hayrat Basis in Bursa donated 10,000 akçe to acquire the bad to picnics and provide foods each individual spring, a picnic would be held in the lodge donated by the Sekbanbaşı Mustafa Ağa Basis in Istanbul. Utensils these kinds of as pans, pots, basins, pitchers, pestles, cauldrons and trays ended up also supplied by the foundation for all those who arrived to the picnic.
Proven in 1764 in Istanbul, the Emetullah Hanım Foundation bundled in its deed that the necessary materials be purchased and aşure dessert be dispersed to the inadequate, and coffee offered to the general public.
Foundations that treatment for animals
A person of the foundations that had a tower and household for pigeons was the Matbah-ı Amire Emini Halil Ağa Basis, which was established in 1730. Its founder, Halil Ağa, donated significantly of his genuine estate to the basis.
In the deed of the Reşide Hatice Hanım Foundation, there was a ailment that a water very well need to be dug in a appropriate place in Istanbul and a stone boat should really be created so that animals could drink drinking water from this nicely.
Defterdar Abdüsselam Çelebi, the founder of a foundation serving in Istanbul, Edirne and Rumeli, stated that people today from all walks of existence should be permitted by the basis, and a meal need to be cooked for the guests each and every evening and served with a smiling deal with.
Trousseau for brides, stipend for soldiers
Although the Hamid Çelebi Foundation provided trousseau to brides in want in Istanbul, the Mehmet Hüsrev Pasha Foundation dispersed 100 kuruş pocket dollars to soldiers serving about Eyüp Mosque.
In the deed of the Saliha Hatun Binti Selahaddin Pehlivan Foundation, which was founded in Damascus in 1308, there was a ailment that a section of the foundation’s revenues would be allotted for the launch of troopers captured in European international locations, which includes England, France, Spain, Portugal and Italy, by spending their ransoms. All the demands of the freed prisoners have been achieved by the foundation right up until their return to their homeland.